do

do
do1 W1S1 [du:] auxiliary v past tense did [dıd] past participle done [dʌn] third person singular does [dəz strong dʌz]
[: Old English; Origin: don]
1.)
a) used with another verb to form questions or negatives
Do you like bananas?
I don't feel like going out tonight.
Ian didn't answer.
Where do you live?
Doesn't Rosie look wonderful?
Don't listen to her!
b) spoken used to form ↑question tags (=short questions that you add to the end of statements)
You know Tony, don't you?
She didn't understand, did she?
2.) used instead of repeating a verb that has already been used
'Will Kay come?' 'She may do.'
So now you know as much as I do.
'You forgot all about it.' 'No, I didn't.'
'I want to go home.' 'So do I.'
I didn't believe the story and neither did he.
3.) used to emphasize the main verb in a sentence
Do be careful.
You do look nice in that hat.
I do think she's behaved badly.
'You should have warned me.' 'But I did warn you.'
He owns, or did own (=emphasizing past tense) , a yacht.
4.) spoken used when politely offering someone something
Do have another sandwich.
do 2
do2 W1S1 v past tense did past participle done third person singular does
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(action/activity)¦
2¦(succeed)¦
3¦(have an effect)¦
4¦(job)¦
5¦(enough/acceptable)¦
6 what somebody will do for something
7 what is somebody/something doing?
8 do your/somebody's hair/nails/make-up etc
9¦(spend time)¦
10¦(study)¦
11¦(cook)¦
12 do 10 miles/20 kms etc
13¦(provide a service)¦
14¦(perform a play)¦
15¦(decorate)¦
16¦(behave)¦
17 somebody doesn't do nice/funny/sensible etc
18¦(copy behaviour)¦
19 do lunch/do a movie etc
20¦(drugs)¦
21¦(visit)¦
22 that'll do!
23 that does it!
24 that should do it
25 do it
26 somebody would do well to do something
27¦(punish)¦
28¦(deceive)¦
29 what's doing ...?
30 do or die
31 how (are) you doing?
32 what can I do you for?
33 do well by somebody
Phrasal verbs
 do away with somebody/something
 do somebody<=>down
 do for somebody/something
 do somebody in
 do something<=>out
 do somebody out of something
 do somebody/something over
 do up
 do with something
 do without
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) ¦(ACTION/ACTIVITY)¦ [T]
to perform an action or activity
Have you done your homework yet?
You need to do more exercise.
It's a pleasure doing business with you.
I didn't know what to do.
All he does is sit in front of the television all day.
do sth/nothing/anything etc
We should do something to help him.
It all happened so quickly that I couldn't do anything about it.
bored teenagers with nothing to do
do the laundry/ironing/dishes etc
It's your turn to do the dishes.
2.) ¦(SUCCEED)¦
used to ask or talk about how successful someone is at something
do well/badly
Students are under considerable pressure to do well.
how sb/sth is doing (with/in sth)
You should get promoted after about a year, depending on how you're doing.
How's he doing in trying to give up smoking?
3.) ¦(HAVE AN EFFECT)¦ [T]
to have a particular effect on something or someone
The scandal will do serious damage to his reputation.
This will do nothing for (=will not improve) Jamie's confidence.
The colour does nothing for her (=does not improve her appearance) .
Getting the job has done a lot for (=had a good effect on) her self-esteem.
A week in the countryside will do you good (=make you feel better) .
Exercise can do wonders for (=have a very good effect on) body, mind, and spirit.
4.) ¦(JOB)¦ [T]
to have a particular job
What do you want to do after you leave school?
What do you do for a living (=as your job) ?
I don't like her but she's very good at what she does.
5.) ¦(ENOUGH/ACCEPTABLE)¦ [I,T not in progressive]
used to say that something will be enough or be acceptable
We don't have a lot of wine for the party, but it should just about do.
I can't find my black shoes so these will have to do .
A few sandwiches will do me for lunch.
It won't do (=it is not acceptable) to say that the situation couldn't have been avoided.
6.) what sb will do for sth
used to talk about what arrangements someone has made to get something they need
What will you do for money if you leave your job?
I'm not sure what we'll do for transport yet.
7.) what is sb/sth doing?
[i]spoken used to ask why someone or something is in a particular place or doing a particular thing, especially when you are surprised or annoyed by this
What's my coat doing on the floor?
What are you doing walking around at this time of night?
What on earth do you think you're doing ?
8.) do your/sb's hair/nails/make-up etc
to do something that improves your appearance or someone else's appearance
It must take her ages to do her make-up in the mornings.
Who does your hair?
9.) ¦(SPEND TIME)¦ [T] informal
to spend a period of time doing something
She did a year backpacking around the world.
Oh yes, I certainly did my time in the army (=spent time in the army) .
10.)¦(STUDY)¦ [T not in passive]
BrE to study a particular subject in a school or university
I did French for five years.
11.) ¦(COOK)¦ [T]
to cook a particular type of food
I was thinking of doing a casserole tonight.
12.) do 10 miles/20 kms etc
to achieve a particular distance, speed etc
We did 300 kilometres on the first day.
The car can do 120 mph.
13.) ¦(PROVIDE A SERVICE)¦ [T]
to provide a particular service or sell a particular product
They do interior and exterior design.
We don't do food after two o'clock.
14.) ¦(PERFORM A PLAY)¦ [T]
to perform a particular play, show etc
We did 'Guys and Dolls' last year.
15.) ¦(DECORATE)¦ [T]
to paint or decorate a room, house etc
How are you going to do your living room?
16.) ¦(BEHAVE)¦
to behave in a particular way
In the evenings students are free to do as they please (=do what they want) .
I wish you'd do as you're told (=do what you are told to do) !
17.) sb doesn't do nice/funny/sensible etc
[i]spoken informal used humorously to say that someone cannot or does not behave in a particular way
Sensible? I don't do sensible.
18.) ¦(COPY BEHAVIOUR)¦ [T]
to copy someone's behaviour or the way they talk, especially in order to entertain people
He does a brilliant George Bush (=copies him in a very funny way) .
19.) do lunch/do a movie etc informal
to have lunch, go to see a film etc with someone
Let's do lunch next week.
20.)¦(DRUGS)¦ [T] informal
to use an illegal drug
He says he's never done hard drugs in his life.
21.) ¦(VISIT)¦ [T]
to visit a particular place, especially as a tourist
Let's do the Eiffel Tower today.
22.) that'll do!
spoken used to tell a child to stop behaving badly
23.) that does it!
spoken used to say angrily that you will not accept a situation any more
Right, that does it! I'm not going to listen to any more of this!
24.) that should do it also that ought to do it
spoken used to say that you will have finished doing something if you just do one more thing
I've just got to prepare the dessert and that should do it.
25.) do it informal
to have sex - used humorously or when you want to avoid saying the word 'sex'
26.) sb would do well to do sth
used to advise someone that they should do something
Most people would do well to reduce the amount of salt in their diet.
27.) ¦(PUNISH)¦ [T]
BrE spoken to punish or attack someone
be/get done atdone2 (8)
28.) ¦(DECEIVE)¦ [T]
BrE informal to deceive or trick someone
be done atdone2 (7)
29.) what's doing ...?
spoken used to ask what is happening
What's doing at your place tonight?
30.) do or die
used to say that someone is determined to do something very brave or dangerous even if they die attempting it
31.) how (are) you doing?
spoken used when you meet someone to ask them if they are well, happy etc
Hi Bob, how you doing?
32.) what can I do you for?
spoken used humorously to ask someone how you can help them, especially when you are trying to sell them something
33.) do well by sb
to treat someone well
His relations always did pretty well by him.
→↑doing
→↑done2 , do your bit atbit2 (8), how do you do athow, nothing doing atnothing1 (14), do sb proud atproud, do sth to death atdeath, ↑can-do
do away with / [do away with sb/sth] phr v
1.) to get rid of something or stop using it
People thought that the use of robots would do away with boring low-paid factory jobs.
2.) informal to kill someone
do down [do sb<=>down] phr v
to criticize someone, especially in an unfair way
I know you don't like him, but there's no need to keep doing him down in front of the boss.
do for / [do for sb/sth] phr v
BrE informal to kill someone or harm something or someone very badly
Working 100 hours a week nearly did for me.
be done for atdone2 (3)
do in [do sb in] phr v
1.) to kill someone
He was planning to do himself in.
2.) to make someone feel extremely tired
That walk really did me in.
done in atdone2 (4)
do out [do sth<=>out] phr v
1.) to make a room look nice by decorating it
The room was beautifully done out in pastel colours.
2.) informal to clean a room or cupboard thoroughly
do out of [do sb out of sth] phr v
to dishonestly stop someone from getting or keeping something, especially something they have a right to have
Are you trying to do me out of a job?
do over [do sb/sth over] phr v
1.) do sth<=>over
especially AmE to make a place look attractive by decorating it
The whole apartment had been done over in an Art Deco style.
2.) AmE to do something again, especially because you did it wrong the first time
If you make too many mistakes, you'll have to do it over.
3.) do sth<=>over
BrE spoken informal to steal things from a building
4.) BrE spoken informal to attack and injure someone
do up phr v
1.) to fasten something, or to be fastened in a particular way
do sth<=>up
Do up your coat or you'll get cold.
a skirt which does up at the back
2.) do sth<=>up
to repair an old building or car, or to improve its appearance
They did up an old cottage in the Scottish Highlands.
3.) do sth<=>up
to decorate something in a particular way
The apartment was done up in Viennese style.
4.) do sth<=>up
to wrap something in paper
5.) do yourself up
to make yourself look neat and attractive
Sue spent ages doing herself up.
do with [do with sth] phr v
1.) could do with sth
spoken to need or want something
I could have done with some help this morning.
2.) have/be to do with sb/sth
to be about something, be related to something, or be involved with something
Their conversation had been largely to do with work.
I'm sorry about the accident, but it's nothing to do with me (=I am not involved in any way) .
This question doesn't have anything to do with the main topic of the survey.
I'm sure her problems have something to do with what happened when she was a child.
3.) what to do with yourself
how to spend your time
She didn't know what to do with herself after she retired.
4.) what sb should do with sth/what to do with sth etc
used to ask or talk about how someone should deal with something
What shall I do with these papers?
I wouldn't know what to do with a newborn baby.
5.) what has sb done with sth?
spoken used to ask where someone has put something
What have you done with the remote for the TV?
6.) what is sb doing with sth?
used to ask why someone has something
What are you doing with my diary?
7.) I can't be doing with sth
BrE spoken used to say that you are annoyed by something and do not want to have to think about it
I can't be doing with all this right now.
do without phr v
1.) do without (sth)
to live or do something without a particular thing
I don't have any sugar so you'll have to do without.
You can do without a carpet but you've got to have somewhere to sit.
2.) can do without sth
used to say that something is annoying you or causing you problems
You can do without all that hassle.
Those are the type of stupid remarks I can do without.
do 3
do3 plural dos or do's
n
1.) informal a party or other social event
We're having a do to celebrate his 30th birthday.
2.) dos and don'ts also do's and don'ts
things that you should and should not do in a particular situation
The booklet lists the dos and don'ts of caring for dogs.
3.) AmE informal a ↑hairdo
do 4
do4 doh [dəu US dou] n [singular, U]
the first note in the musical ↑scale according to the ↑sol-fa system

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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